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Month: March 2024

JPA native queries with eager fetch and @SqlResultMapping

JPA supports eager and lazy fetch of child entities. If you’re not careful with the lazy fetch strategy it can result in excessive queries as it needs to execute a query for the parent entity and then an additional one for each child. This is the so-called n+1 problem. You’ll often want to use eager fetching so that you can pull the parent and all children with a single query.

If you use HQL/JPQL, the JPA Criteria API or queries derived from Spring Data Repository method names, JPA will convert your SQL query result set to entity objects. That’s what an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) system is for. However if you use JPA native queries (SQL), you’ll need to map the results yourself.

In this post, I’ll look at how to run eager fetches for JPQL and native queries and how to manage the results.